Caves in Nevada
Nevada is home to over 30,000 caves, grottos, and alcoves but many throughout the state are small and known to locals, normally enjoyed by those who hike the area. In the area of Great Basin National Park, there are 40 known caves.
Are you a kayaking fan? Check out Emerald Cave for your next outing!
When you are out visiting Nevada Hot Springs there are several at Gold Strike Hot Springs and Arizona Hot Springs.
Cave tip: Be sure to wear a hiking hat or some other head covering because no matter how careful you are, it seems someone I am with always scrapes the top of their head and there is blood.
Caves in Churchill County, Nevada
Hidden Cave is an archaeological cave site located in the Great Basin near Fallon, Nevada, United States.
It got its name from Mark Harrington, who first excavated the cave and had a hard time finding the entrance, who said at the time, “This is one hidden cave!”
It was excavated originally in the 1930s by Harrington and then excavated twice more before being returned to for the final time in 1978 by David Hurst Thomas for a more in-depth excavation.
The site dates back to the early Desert Archaic Culture from c. 4000 to 2000 years ago. Thousands of Archaic artifacts have been found here, and the site “provides important, if unusual clues about Desert Archaic lifeways”.
Hidden Cave was not lived in but used as a storage site for goods and tools for the 2000 years of its survival.
Humboldt Cave is an archeological site in Churchill County, Nevada, USA that is one of the earliest documented human habitations in North America.
It was inhabited by people of the eponymous Humboldt Culture and the Lovelock Culture, and its documented habitation extends to 9000 BC.
Bureau of Land Management / Public domain
Lovelock Cave is a North American archaeological site previously known as Sunset Guano Cave, Horseshoe Cave, and Loud Site 18.
The cave is about 150 feet long and 35 feet wide.
Lovelock Cave is one of the most important classic sites of the Great Basin region because the conditions of the cave are conducive to the preservation of organic and inorganic material.
The cave was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on May 24, 1984.
It was the first major cave in the Great Basin to be excavated and the Lovelock Cave people are part of the University of California Archaeological Community’s Lovelock Cave Station.
Spirit Cave is located in the Stillwater Mountains foothills at4,154′ and is popular due to the discovery of two “mummies” found in the 1940s by Sydney and Georgia Wheeler.
Caves in Clark County, Nevada
Gypsum Cave is a limestone cave located 15 miles east of Las Vegas in Clark County, Nevada.
It contains six rooms and is measured 320 feet long by 120 feet wide.
The cave was first documented by Mark Raymond Harrington in a 1930 edition of Scientific American.
Up until about 11,000 BC (11,000 radiocarbon years ago), Gypsum Cave was inhabited by the Shasta ground sloth.
A few hundred feet away, the Gypsum Cave Mine contains gypsum, anhydrite, and uranium.
Gypsum Cave Mine
The Gypsum Cave Mine is a gypsum-anhydrite and uranium mine located in Clark County, Nevada in the Intermontane Plateaus of Nevada, 12 miles east of North Las Vegas, Nevada.
The Gypsum Cave Mine is also located a mile away from the Gypsum Cave which is a limestone cave.
Its primary products are gypsum and anhydrite, and its tertiary product is uranium. It is managed by the Bureau of Land Management. The excavation of its primary products is considered viable, but it’s not the case for its uranium.
Caves in Lander County, Nevada
The Toquima Cave, located on Pete’s Summit in Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest near Austin, Nevada, is a historic site having cultural importance to Native Americans, specifically to the Western Shoshone.
Also known as Pott’s Cave, as Traditional Cultural Property 26-La1, and as Toiyabe N.F. Site TY-71, the cave, and a 40-acre area was listed as an archeological site on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.
The cave entrance is fenced off and access to the cave is limited.
Caves in Nye County, Nevada
Devils Hole is a geologic formation located within the Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, in Nye County, Nevada, in the Southwestern United States. The 40 acres unit is part of the Ash Meadows complex, an area of desert uplands and spring-fed oases that was designated as a National Wildlife Refuge in 1984. Devils Hole—a detached unit of Death Valley National Park—is a habitat for the only naturally occurring population of the endangered Devils Hole pupfish (Cyprinodon diabolis).
Lehman Caves at Great Basin National Park
The Lehman Caves were originally protected as a National Monument in 1922, which was combined with the national park in 1986.
According to the National Park Service, the caves were, most likely, discovered by Absalom Lehman in 1885.
Several living creatures occupy the Lehman Caves. Bacteria are the most common. Crickets, spiders, pseudoscorpions, mites, and springtails may live their full lifecycles in the cave. They are dependent on organic material packed in by other animals or washed in from the surface.
Other animals use the cave but must leave to forage for food. These include chipmunks, mice, pack rats, and several species of bats. Only insectivorous bats occur in the Great Basin. At least 10 species of bats have been found in the vicinity of Great Basin National Park, including Townsend’s big-eared bat.
The Lehman Caves Visitors Center is home to the Forgotten Winchester, a rifle manufactured in 1882 that was found leaning against a juniper tree in the park in 2014.
- Wikipedia – Toquima Cave
- Wikipedia – Gypsum Cave
- Wikipedia – Lovelock Cave
- Wikipedia – Caves of Nevada
- Wikipedia – Humboldt Cave
- Wikipedia – Hidden Cave