Dixie Marsh Nevada
Dixie Marsh Nevada Overview
Dixie Marsh was a mining district in Churchill County, Nevada.
Also known as Humboldt Salt Marsh and Salina (the Salina Mining District was west and is now part of the Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge, Naval Air Station Fallon Target B20, and the Fallon National Wildlife Refuge.
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- Discovered: 1861
- Period active: 1861-1868
Dixie Marsh Nevada History
From 1861 to 1868, this marsh produced a large amount of salt which was shipped to the silver mills of Virginia City, Austin, Belmont, Unionville, and even as far as Silver City, Idaho. Some 10 cars of borax were produced by R. Nieschwander from the N. end of the marsh according to a letter from J. T. Reid. No production has been made for many years. Tests made by the U. S. Geological Survey and the Railroad Valley Co., in recent years showed the potash content of this marsh to be commercially negligible.
From Nevada State Journal – Sunday, January 9, 1955 – Page 9:
Salt for Comstock
The Dixie Marsh district, at the north end of the recent zone produced salt, borax, and potash in its tune. The Dixie Marsh district covered about square miles and was called Osobb Valley by geologists of the Fortieth Parallel Survey. It is not known when, or why the name was changed.
From 1861 to 1868 this marsh produced a large amount of which was shipped to the silver mills at Virginia City, Austin, Bolmont, Unionville and as far as Silver City, Ida. Ten cars of borax were produced by R. Nelschwander from the north end of the marsh, reports indicate. No production has been made for many years. Tests the U. S. Geological Survey the Railroad Valley Company, some years after the district discovered, showed the potash content of this marsh to be commercially negligible. The marsh, formed by the dedication of lake not more than 150 feet has deposits which consist of alternating layers of salt and saline mud. The salt contains little sodium carbonate and sulphate, and the brine has a of potash.
Sodium chloride, borates, and potash.
Unknown at this time.
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The Population of Dixie Marsh Nevada
Unknown at this time.
Located from various resources:
Dixie Marsh lies to the east of the Stillwater Range, in the lowest part of Dixie Valley (Osobb Valley of the Fortieth Parallel Survey). The Territorial Enterprise (1863) described a Salina district bordered “on the south by Tower Canyon, on the north by Shoshone Springs, on the east by the summit of the mountain [Clan Alpine Mountains], on the west by the great salt field [Humboldt or Dixie salt marsh]” that covers the area of the present Bernice and Dixie Marsh districts. Carlson (1974) described the Salina district as located at “a Churchill County salt flat,” and Garnett and Paher (1983) incorrectly (?) placed Salina some 20 miles northeast of Stillwater, on the west side of the Stillwater Range between Cox and Shady Run Canyons.
Dixie Marsh lies to the E. of the Stillwater Range in N. E. Churchill Co. It covers about 9 sq. m. in the lowest part of the present valley, which was called the Osobb Valley by the geologists of the Fortieth Parallel Survey.
- Humboldt Salt Marsh – 39° 49′ 29.70″ N, 117° 58′ 48.47″ W
- Dixie Hot Springs – 39° 48′ 59.70″ N, 118° 0′ 4.47″ W
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Photos and Videos
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Click here to view our list of History of the Southwest – Books and Online Resources to learn more about our amazing area!
- Tingley, Joseph V., Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Report 47 – Mining Districts of Nevada
- Lincoln, Francis Church, (1923), Mining Districts and Mineral Resources of Nevada,
- United States Geological Survey – Dixie Marsh Mining District