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What is a Golden Mantle Ground Squirrel

The Golden Mantle Ground Squirrel is a remarkable and fascinating member of the squirrel family, known for its distinct appearance and striking coloration. This small mammal has captivated both wildlife enthusiasts and researchers alike, making it an intriguing subject for exploration. In this article, we will dive into the world of the Golden Mantle Ground Squirrel, examining its taxonomy, size, diet, reproduction, habitat, lifespan, and more.

Golden Mantle Ground Squirrel Overview

The Golden Mantle Ground Squirrel (Callospermophilus lateralis) is a small, terrestrial rodent that belongs to the Sciuridae family. It is native to western North America, predominantly found in regions with coniferous forests and alpine meadows. These squirrels exhibit a unique blend of colors, featuring golden, white, and black markings, which help them camouflage themselves in their natural habitat.


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Rodentia
  • Family: Sciuridae
  • Genus: Callospermophilus
  • Species: Callospermophilus lateralis

Size and Body Description

Golden Mantle Ground Squirrels are small to medium-sized rodents, typically measuring between 9 to 12 inches in length, including their bushy tails. They weigh around 5 to 10 ounces, with males being slightly larger than females. Their fur is characterized by a golden or reddish-brown hue on the back, a white stripe on each side, and a black band running beneath the white stripes.


These squirrels are omnivorous, consuming a diverse diet that consists of seeds, nuts, fruits, insects, and occasionally small vertebrates. Their foraging behavior allows them to store food in their cheek pouches and cache it in burrows for later consumption, especially during the winter months when food sources are scarce.

Where Found

These squirrels inhabit the western part of North America, ranging from the southwestern parts of Canada through the western United States, down to northern Mexico. Their preferred habitats include coniferous forests, montane meadows, and subalpine environments, usually at elevations between 3,000 to 11,000 feet.


Golden Mantle Ground Squirrels breed once a year, usually in late spring or early summer. The gestation period lasts around 26 to 30 days, after which the female gives birth to a litter of 4 to 6 pups. The young are born hairless and blind, requiring maternal care and protection for the first few weeks of life. They become independent at around 6 to 8 weeks of age.

How Long do Golden Mantle Ground Squirrels Live

The average lifespan of a Golden Mantle Ground Squirrel is 3 to 5 years in the wild. They face various threats, such as predation by larger animals and harsh weather conditions. However, in captivity, they may live slightly longer due to the absence of natural predators and controlled environments. The Golden Mantle Ground Squirrel is a remarkable creature that has adapted well to the diverse environments of western North America. Their striking appearance, coupled with their intriguing behaviors, make them a captivating subject for nature lovers and researchers alike. Understanding their biology, ecology, and the challenges they face can help us better appreciate the role these small mammals play in their ecosystems and promote their conservation for future generations to enjoy.