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What is a Rocky Mountain Goat

Ascend to the rugged peaks of North America to meet the Rocky Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus), a symbol of alpine resilience. Renowned for its sure-footedness and thick white coat, this mountain dweller’s life is a remarkable tale of adaptation and survival in harsh environments.

Rocky Mountain Goat

Rocky Mountain Goat standing in wildflowers on Mt Timpanogos, Utah.

Rocky Mountain Goat Overview

The Rocky Mountain Goat, distinctively clad in white, is a large mammal native to the mountain ranges of North America. It is known for its remarkable climbing abilities and adaptation to cold, high-altitude environments.


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Bovidae
  • Genus: Oreamnos
  • Species: O. americanus

Size and Body Description

Adult Rocky Mountain Goats typically weigh between 100 and 300 pounds, with a body length of 3.5 to 5.5 feet. They are characterized by their thick, white fur, which provides insulation, and black horns.


3.5 to 5.5 feet (body length)


These goats breed in the fall, and after a gestation period of about 180 days, females give birth to one or two kids in late spring.


They are herbivores, primarily grazing on grasses, herbs, mosses, and lichen found in their mountainous habitats.

How Long Do Rocky Mountain Goats Live

Their lifespan in the wild is typically 9 to 12 years.

Where Found

Native to North America, specifically the Rocky Mountains and other nearby ranges.

Habitat and Range

Rocky Mountain Goats are found in alpine and subalpine environments, often above the tree line. They are superbly adapted to steep, rugged terrains.


While not currently listed as endangered, they are protected in many areas to prevent overhunting and preserve their natural habitat.

In summary, the Rocky Mountain Goat stands as a testament to nature’s ability to thrive in extreme conditions. As guardians of the mountainous terrains, their presence is a reminder of the wild’s untamed beauty and the importance of preserving these natural habitats for future generations.