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What is an Arizona Coral Snake (Elapidae Micruroides)

The Arizona Coral Snake, a small yet venomous reptile, is an elusive inhabitant of the deserts and semi-arid regions of the southwestern United States. With its striking coloration of red, yellow, and black bands, this snake, though seldom seen, plays a critical role in its desert ecosystem.

What is an Arizona Coral Snake (Elapidae Micruroides)

Arizona Coral Snake Overview

This snake is known for its potent venom, which it uses primarily for defense and subduing small prey. Despite its dangerous reputation, the Arizona Coral Snake is shy and reclusive, avoiding human contact whenever possible.

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  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Order: Squamata
  • Family: Elapidae
  • Genus: Micruroides
  • Species: M. euryxanthus

Related Article >> Reptiles

Size and Body Description

Arizona Coral Snakes are relatively small, typically measuring 18 to 24 inches in length. They are slender with smooth scales, characterized by their bright, distinctive banding pattern: red, yellow, and black bands encircling the body.


18 to 24 inches (45 to 60 cm) in length.


Their diet primarily consists of other small snakes, lizards, and occasionally small rodents. They are secretive hunters, using their venom to immobilize their prey effectively.


These snakes are oviparous, meaning they lay eggs. The females lay a small number of eggs in secluded areas, which hatch into fully independent young snakes. As reptiles, they do not engage in pollination.


They are native to the southwestern United States, particularly in Arizona, and extend into parts of northwestern Mexico.

Where Found

Arizona Coral Snakes are often found in desert and semi-arid regions, preferring rocky or sandy soils where they can easily burrow for shelter and hunting.

How Long Do Arizona Coral Snakes Live

In the wild, their lifespan can vary, but they typically live for several years.


While not broadly endangered, they face threats from habitat loss and human disturbance. Conservation efforts are focused on preserving their natural habitats and raising awareness about the importance of these snakes in their ecosystems. The Arizona Coral Snake, with its vivid colors and ecological role as a predator, is an essential part of the biodiversity in its regions. Understanding and respecting this species is key to coexisting peacefully and preserving the delicate balance of nature in these desert landscapes.

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References Used

What is an Arizona Coral Snake (Elapidae Micruroides)