Skip to Content

What is an Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpion (Hadrurus arizonensis)

The Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpion, one of the largest scorpions in North America, is a remarkable creature of arid landscapes. With its imposing size and unique adaptations, it is a fascinating example of desert wildlife.

What is an Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpion (Hadrurus arizonensis)

Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpion Overview

This scorpion is known for its large size and the distinctive “hairy” appearance that helps it navigate its desert environment. It’s an intriguing subject for those interested in the diverse life adapted to arid regions.


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: Chelicerata
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Scorpiones
  • Family: Caraboctonidae
  • Genus: Hadrurus
  • Species: H. arizonensis
What is a Arizona Desert hairy scorpion (Hadrurus arizonensis)
Desert Hairy Scorpion (Hadrurus arizonensis)

Size and Body Description

The Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpion can grow up to 5.5 inches in length. It has a yellowish-brown body with a broad, flat tail and pincers. The “hairy” part comes from the sensory setae covering its body, which it uses to detect vibrations in the air and ground.


Up to 5.5 inches (14 cm) in length.


Their diet primarily consists of insects, spiders, and sometimes small vertebrates. They are nocturnal hunters, using their venom to subdue prey.


These scorpions reproduce sexually, with females giving birth to live young. They do not engage in pollination, as it is an animal species.


Native to the deserts of Arizona and parts of California, Nevada, and Utah, these scorpions are adapted to arid and semi-arid environments.

Where Found

Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpions are typically found under rocks, in natural burrows, or beneath surface debris in the wild. They prefer these hiding spots for protection against predators and extreme temperatures.

How Long Do Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpions Live

They can live in the wild for 7-10 years, sometimes longer in captivity.


They are not currently listed as a protected species, but like all wildlife, they play a vital role in their ecosystems.

The Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpion, with its unique adaptations and role in desert ecosystems, is a testament to the diversity of life in arid regions. Understanding and respecting these creatures helps in appreciating the complex web of desert life.

References Used