What is Indian Rice Grass
Below is a transcription of the above sign found at the Valley of Fire Visitor Center.
Indian Rice Grass – Oryzopsis hymendiodes
Community: Dune Sand Barren
Habitat: Sandy soil
Elevation: 1000 to 11,000 ft (333 to 3666 m.)
Type of Soil: Sands
Source of Water: Surface, trapped in sand
Height: 1 to 2 ft (30 to 61 cm)
Pollination: Insects, wind
Adaptation for Survival: Dormant for long periods; heavy seed drops at the base of the plant for next season.
Comments: Rice-grain like seeds important food for Indians, wildlife. Domestic stock grazing has reduced range of this bunch grass because cattle eat the plant down to the roots, leaving no seeds for next season.
Official Nevada State Grass